ABSTRACT It is common practice to perform intergranular corrosion testing in accordance with ASTM (1) G28 on solid solution nickel alloys, e.g. UNS N . Alloy 22 is a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy (Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum) and is one of the most versatile corrosion resistant alloys used in industry today. Intergranular Attack Susceptibility For Nickel Alloys.

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Hello everybody, My query is as follows: Alternatively, a welded test-piece in the as-welded condition may be tested.

R Baboian, Corrosion Tests and Standards: Where a bend test is required, the sample must be bent over a mandrel of asstm diameter related to the specimen diameter, without any cracking, as determined by inspection under a low power microscope and a microsection in any suspicious areas.

For alloys not listed in this standard, it will be necessary to carry out some tests on material in various conditions to determine the threshold. Advanced search Show search help.

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ASTM G28 test

Good material should have a corrosion rate substantially less than the threshold value. ASTM G28 does not require samples to be heat treated. It does not say what to do about duplex or super austenitic alloys.

Table 1 below shows the various qstm for four common standards: In my case the samples shows damage only at six hours. ASTM G28 lists alloys and specifies the test exposure for each. January 30, – February 2, Where: Test Samples Samples may be rectangular or cylindrical to suit the test vessel, asstm where a bend test is required, it is suggested that the sample be a minimum of mm long. The precipitation of such chromium-rich or molybdenum-rich particles often carbides usually g82 leads to regions depleted of Cr or Mo surrounding the precipitates.


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The uniform corrosion rate obtained by this test method, which is a function of minor variations in alloy composition, may easily mask the intergranular corrosion components of the overall corrosion rate on alloys N, N, N, and N The latter is a German test, but it is often called up in European projects. These regions will exhibit a lower resistance to the initiation of corrosion in the ASTM tests, and this is where the intergranular corrosion begins.

Proceedings of an international conference Oceanology: Discussion Forums – The Hendrix Group.

Incoloy will fail and not suitable for dilute sulfuric acid. SEP does not require ageing, although it might be required in a specification calling up astk standard. It can be seen that some alloys fall into two categories, and no guidelines are given for selecting the most appropriate.

Proceedings of an international conference Diverless and Deepwater Techology: None of these are identical and cross substitution of results is not satm. Warning statements are given in 5.

Conducting the Tests When a test has been selected, follow the detailed directions in that standard for making up the test solution, the preparation of test samples and the finish to be used.

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The results ast such tests are applied widely as acceptance tests for parent and welded materials, and as such satm essentially used to confirm the suitability of these materials for service.

Selection of a Test Method The test methods in Table 1 were designed with specific alloys in mind, but the proliferation of new CRAs has meant that the selection of a suitable test method is difficult. ISO is specifically for duplex and all austenitic stainless steels, and recommends ageing at two different temperatures: Where a standard is included in a purchase specification, this must be followed, although it is advised that unsuitable tests, such as the Huey test for duplex and super austenitic stainless steels, are queried.


Contact us by Phone or Email to find out how we can help your industry. NACE International Keywords weldnickel alloystest methodapplicabilitysensitizationintergranular corrosionG28 Downloads 2 in the last 30 days 17 since Show more detail.

For ferric sulphate – depending on the concentration and temp, it depends on suitabiity.

Applicability of ASTM G28 Testing – OnePetro

Methods B and E are suggested for all grades of series austenitic alloys, while method F is suggested for cast type alloys. Some standards require the test sample to be aged prior to testing, to simulate the precipitation that might occur during welding. Someone would have experience in this matter.

The safe operation of oil refineries in the United States is under constant r This test should be avoided for most CRAs, except in the circumstances described below, in section 4.

Stay Current Sign up for our quarterly newsletter g82 updates on corrosion. The most convenient size is often a cylinder 10mm diameter by mm long, but other dimensions are possible to suit particular product forms. ISO is specifically for duplex and all austenitic stainless steels, and recommends ageing at two different temperatures:. Thanks for your answer.

Intergranular Corrosion Tests for CRAs

Hence, it is normally only used for h28 steels intended for nuclear service, or another application involving nitric acid. SEP also gives guidance on which of its methods apply to which alloys: Peer reviewed only Published between: Just remember that these tests were devised for specific groups of alloys and should not be applied to all CRAs! The Huey test method C is only for molybdenum-free grades, such as L, as alloys with molybdenum show high rates of attack in this test.

This must be established independently by specific tests or by service experience.