call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly. Well, that is what they were selling at the time. I think that vocie pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today.

Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about.


Access-Lists — General access-list configuration was covered. So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. They also decreased the number of questions on the voicw from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam.

The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability.

You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this goice on the exam.


This helped to keep the question pool fresh. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering. Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.

Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just 460–461 it up.

As these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run.

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Good times though back then. Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. At this time of the Cisco ccna evolution, passing either 460-416 the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification.

ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits. In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length vojce instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam.


Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to voiice minutes. The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option.

Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. Well, at least ccnw theory.

Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track.

Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking vocie simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time. Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam. It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. As before, we will first note what was removed from vioce exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above.