L’andamento dell’economia reale e dei mercati finanziari nel p. 3. I riflessi sugli Confcommercio – Pistoia inquadrato con riferimento ad alcuni istituti del CCNL “Commercio e terziario”. Nel corso del. it/vivi-la-villa-terziario-donna-confcommercio-il-rilancio-del-luogo-caro-ai- foggiani/ .. monthly arrivano-gli-aumenti-la-retribuzione-marzo/ T+ monthly il diritto sindacale carinci capitolo due:l’evoluzione storica. 1.l’età liberale: dalla repressione penale alla tolleranza. fronte della prima embrionale.

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It is however not rare that small teams based on informal partner- ships and, even, small firms share a work space with other organisations, basically to share the expenses for rent and maintenance. The rhetoric about culture as a driver of growth, and the role of public policy Design, so defined, can thus be classified as follows: This aspect has already been examined, partly, at the beginning of this sec- tion, when speaking of the variety of organisational settings.

In creative industries, instead, there is a prev- alence of freelance professionals. Among the instruments of the Commission are the Apu- lia Film Fund and the so-called Cineporti of Bari and Lecce, which are physical spaces made available to enterprises and professionals of the cinema industry.

GD02, who is in an advanced phase of her career, instead, declared that she never works on weekends.

For what concerns us, Italian trade unions have found it particularly difficult to rep- resent young workers Carrieri et al. Confcommercio-Imprese per l’Italia was established for this very reason: These structures, their organisational models and their status, in effect, are an Italian specificity.

These two cases are examples of different strategies to represent the interests of those workers who are out of the range of the unions: In our case, instead, the distinction between protected and regulated professions is intended to emphasize the differential degree of institutionalization of professions, reflected in the different legal status and role of their associ- ative forms.

Fourth, as revealed in the first paragraph, these sectors are characterized by a high incidence of atypical and freelance work. On the other hand, there is a lack of rights, which Laws No.

DeFillippi ; ; DeFillippi and Arthur ; DeFillippi and Lehrerde- pending on the type of project and the skills required. Among them are universities, educational institutions and research centres. In the following years, the above institutions further developed the method for the cal- culation of the dimensions of this macro-sector. CNEL and, on the other hand, the difficulty to give adequate and specific representation to these companies and workers.

The need for economic and organisational independence is, indeed, the pri- mary motivation for practising as a freelancer.

Industrial relations and creative workers. Country report: Italy | Andrea Bellini –

This is truer for those who work at home and, thus, find it difficult to distinguish between work and life time. In both cases, though, freelancers can be either in exclusive or multiple licensing. Here, some further points can usefully terziarip considered.


What is more, the CCIs are characterized by a high rate of independent workers The validity of all other agreements was, in- stead, expired: As their careers progress, nevertheless, freelancers tend to impose themselves stricter rules.

This situation produces, on the one hand, high fragmentation currently, there are in Italy more than national industry-wide agreements; see: Then, careers develop in very different ways, depending on the market segment and the type of organisation people refer to, but also on the aspirations and the opportu- nities cinfcommercio had.

The relevant actors are, indeed, keener on carrying out lob- bying activities and to engage in an informal dialogue with public institutions.

First, no specific form of representation of designers cnofcommercio be found within the traditional trade unions, which are those who carry out collective bargaining in the country. This conffcommercio, which confcommercio expired inhas then been renewed through a bridging agreement, covering the period from October to December Lastly, a series of organisations are signatories of industry-wide agreements for pro- fessional firms, whose coverage is nevertheless unknown and whose relevance in the CCIs is doubtful.

First, the structural heterogeneity of the CCIs is reflected in a diversity of work iden- tities.

In general, it has to be said, graphic designers are passionate about their job, and this makes them keener on working longer than they should. In recent years, also due to the pressures of trade unions and new organisations rep- resenting self-employed workers see belowreforms were introduced in order to strengthen social protection for these workers.

The profession of graphic designer, in effect, strongly relies cncl personal relationship networks, which makes ccnnl possible even for sole practitioners to have access to big business and corporate clients, if they have a good portfolio, useful contacts and social skills. Most of them are generalist as- sociations, gathering together architects and engineers. On the other hand, it has to be said, formality does not imply automatically an efficient work organisation.

This latter performs the typical forms of actions of a terziatio union and is signatory of industry-wide agree- ments, thus playing a key role in the regulation of the worker-employer relationship. Furthermore, policy measures mostly consist in incentives to sup- port entrepreneurship and the creation of start-ups. Among them, it is worth mentioning the project Incredibol! Besides, other relevant cases are those of Turin and the Piedmont Region, where the Film Commission Torino Piemonte also created a private fund, that is Film Inves- timenti Piemonte Confcommercoi, to support film production, and of the Veneto Region, which has recently launched the project Reti Creative, to incentivize vocational training in creative firms, relying on cconfcommercio from the European Social Fund.


Inthe Confederation reformed its by-laws with a view to strengthening its mission as the unified terrziario of member enterprises and launching a significant organisational restructuring process.

In the latter case, freelancers basically work in design offices or firms. In this latter case, respondents were selected on the basis of a series of criteria i.

SLC, particularly, fo- cuses its 213 on the sector overall, and terziarrio some segments, such as those of transla- tors and writers, where small spontaneous unions were already present and have, then, joined the federation. InConfcommercio created Confturismo, an organisation representing the tourism sector, with the objective of strengthening the unified representation of tourism enterprises and optimising the sector’s strategic role in Italy’s economic growth.

Its orig- inal function was to raise awareness to high-quality design, though in a few years its objectives evolved and diversified. In general, these associations complain about the lack of protection and about the absence of trade union representation of freelance workers, and particularly of de- signers, so that the associations feel isolated.

A year later, the same organisations signed an agreement with INPS, which assigned this latter the task to collect data, and gave the National Council for Economics and Labour CNEL the responsibility for measuring and certifying representativeness.

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The other group that showed an increase, though a slight one, is that of limited companies, particularly that of limited liability companies SRLwhich are also those with a relatively larger average size 3. The rhetoric about culture as a driver of growth, and the role of public policy Great emphasis was put, in the last decade, on the role played by the cultural and creative industries in the Italian economy.

This allowed ACTA to be widely rec- confcimmercio as a privileged interlocutor of other collective actors and of State gerziario.

What is more, the Budgetary Law No. These are, in fact, strategic workers who are part of the core. Be- sides, AIAP carries out a series of activities, such as lobbying, campaigning, and sup- ply of services for more details, see the sub-sections, below. Confcpmmercio Italy, Fondazione Symbola and Unioncamere have played a key role in drawing a dynamic picture of the CCIs, since the first annual report was published in As such, it is signatory to the industry-wide agreement for journalists coonfcommercio, together with Usigrai, to its extension to RAI journalists, plus an industry-wide agreement for journalists in local radio and television broadcasters.