Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs. Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment.

Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.


No serious insect or disease problems. Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.

Couroupita guianensis

Veins on leaf undersides are pubescent. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. Back to Previous Page.

Tropical Couroupits Database, Ken Fern. Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball tree, [3] is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceaewhich also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis zabucajo. Retrieved 21 December Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants.

New York Botanical Garden. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Couroupita guianensis.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Tree, showing canopy and specialized fruiting branches Photograph by: Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the ground and break open. There are two areas of stamens: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. When the fruits fall to the ground, the hard, woody shell usually cracks open, exposing the pulp and seeds. It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache.


Downloaded on 30 May Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. Couroupita guianensis Conservation status.

According to Buddhist tradition, Maya held onto the branch of a blossoming sal tree Shorea robusta while she was giving birth to the Lord Buddha. The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits.

Sign up for our e-newsletter. Leaves typically drop once, but sometimes twice, per year, usually in response cohroupita dry weather, hence the designation of deciduous for this tropical tree. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region.

Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R.

Couroupita guianensis – Cannon Ball Tree

Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the pollen. Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world. Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. The flowers are strongly scented, and are especially fragrant at night [8] and in the early morning.

Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: