Bullets, Lies, and Videotape: The Amazing, Disappearing Romanian Counter- Revolution of December . by Richard Andrew Hall, Ph.D. Standard. Results 1 – 24 of 24 When the Masters Away by Cartianu, Translated by Ana and a great selection of related books, art and Cartea Revolutiei: Grigore Cartianu. (Grigore Cartianu, Crimele revoluţiei. Sângeroasa diversiune a KGB-iştilot din FSN, Editura Adevărul-Holding,Bucureşti, , p. ).
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By the last full week of January the door on what happened in December was beginning to close. Here, a last glimpse of some of those details from an official: Bullets, Lies, and Videotape: All statements of fact, opinion, or analysis expressed are those of the author and do not reflect grivore official positions or grigire of the Central Intelligence Agency CIA or any other U. Nothing in the contents should be construed as asserting or implying U. This material has been reviewed by CIA to prevent the disclosure of classified information.
I am an intelligence analyst for the Crumele Intelligence Agency. I have been a CIA analyst since Prior to that time, I had no association with CIA outside of the application process.
This December marks twenty years since the implosion of the communist regimeof Dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. It is well-known, but bears repeating: Romania not only came late in the wave of communist regime revloutiei in the East European members of the Warsaw Pact in the fall of Poland, Hungary, the GDR, Czechoslovakia, Bulgariait came last—and inevitably that was significant.
Despite the more highly personalist vs. Despite the differences, there simply were too many institutional and ideological similarities, or as is often most importantly the case, that is how members of both the state and society interpreted matters.
Much of the debate about what happened in December has revolved around how to define those events…and their consequences. But Romanian citizens and foreign observers have long since improvised linguistically to capture the hybrid and unclear nature of the events and their consequences. The following characterization of what happened in December comes from an online poster, Florentin, who was stationed at the Targoviste barracks—the exact location where Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu would be summarily tried and executed on 25 December Romanian Socialist Republic died, but in parallel a revolution took place.
Out of this situation has transpired all the confusion. As far as I know this might be a unique historical case, if I am not mistaken.
People grgore into the streets, calling not just for the downfall of the president then, but for the change of the political regime, and that is what we call a revolution. This revolution triumphed, because today we have neither communism, nor even neocommunism with a human face. The European Union would not have accepted a communist state among its ranks.
Richard Andrew Hall « The Archive of the Romanian Revolution of December
Some talk about the stealing of the revolution, but the reality is that we live in capitalism, even if what we have experienced in these years has been more an attempt at capitalism, orchestrated by an oligarchy with diverse interests…. This is indeed the great and perhaps tragic irony of what happened in December in Romania: The latter is particularly difficult for the rigidly ideological and politically partisan to accept; yet it is more than merely a talking point and legitimating alibi of the second-rung nomenklatura who seized power although it is that too.
The very atomization of Romanian society that had been fueled and exploited by the Ceausescu regime explained why Romania came last in the wave of Fallbut also why it was and would have been virtually impossible for genuine representatives of society—led by dissidents and protesters—to form an alternative governing body on 22 December whose decisions would have been accepted as sufficiently authoritative to be respected and implemented by the rump party-state bureaucracy, especially the armed forces and security and police structures.
The chaos that would have ensued—with likely multiple alternative power centers, including geographically—would have likely led to a far greater death toll and could have enabled those still betting on the return of the Ceausescus to after a time reconquer power or seriously impede the functioning of any new government for an extended period.
The fact that the Revolution enabled the coup plotters to seize power, and that the coup enabled the Revolution to triumph should be identified as yet another version—one particular to the idiosyncracies of the Romanian communist regime—of what Linz and Stepan have identified as the costs or compromises of the transition from authoritarian rule.
In Romania, this meant that second-rung nomenklaturists—a displaced generation of elites eager to finally have their day in the sun—who to a large extent still harbored only Gorbachevian perestroikist views of the changes in the system as being necessary, were able to consolidate power following the elimination of the ruling Ceausescu couple.
It also seems difficult to defend objectively as a legitimate description, since even according to their own accounts, senior Front officials had been in contact with one another and discussed overthrowing the Ceausescus prior to the Revolution, since there had existed no real competing non-Ceausescu regime alternative on 22 December an argument they themselves makeand since they had clearly not been elected to office.
As to the question of the ideological character of the revolt against Ceausescu, it is once again instructive to turn to what a direct participant, in this case in the Timisoara protests, has to say about it.
To this must be added what is little talked about or acknowledged as such today: Prior to 22 Decemberthe primary target of this repression was society, peaceful demonstrators—although the Army itself was both perpetrator of this repression but also the target of Securitate forces attempting to ensure their loyalty to the regime and their direct participation and culpabilization in the repression of demonstrators.
After 22 Decemberthe primary target of this violence was the Army and civilians who had picked up weapons, rather than citizens at large. It is probably justified to say that in terms of tactics, after 22 Decemberthe actions of Ceausist forces were counter-coup in nature, contingencies prepared in the event of an Army defection and the possibility of foreign intervention in support of such a defection. If indeed the plotters had not been able to effectively seize power after the Ceausescus fled on 22 December and Ceausescu or his direct acolytes had been able to recapture power, we would be talking of the success not of a counter-coup, but of the counter-revolution.
It is necessary for us to regroup in the democratic circles of the PCR—the inheritor of the noble ideas of the people of which we are a part!
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In other words, a cover-up of a now failed attempt at counter-revolution—having been cut short by the execution of the Ceausescus, the object of their struggle—had begun. We ourselves can see this, because our radio searching and locating units which were in Hungary a few days ago were monitoring broadcasts from 31 Securitate radio centers—yesterday 19, and today only 5.
We of course put this data at the disposal of the Romanian military leadership. The context makes clear these were Securitate helicopters in the service of the Romanian secret police, the Securitate, and Nicolae Ceausescu. Gheorghe Ratiu fost sef al Directiei I a Securitatii: Toate unitatiile spitalicesti si morga de la Institutul Medico-Legal, fusesera preluate in paza de catre armata.
La inceput, ofiterilor trimisi de mine nu li s-a permis intrarea in nici unul din aceste obiective, cu toate ca, oficial, de la data de 23 decembrie devenisem seful Directiei de Infromatii Interne a Armatei. Pentru a strapunge acest baraj instituit, de forte oculte, am apelat si am primit sprijinul procurorului general Popovici, a ministrului adjunct dr.
Iacob de la Ministerul Sanatatii, si a generalului Vasile, inca sef al Directiei de contrainformatii militare. Aceste echipe au reusit sa patrunda peste tot [!!! Dupa nopti de groaza si tortura, toti teroristii sint liberi. In perioada decembrieBrasovul a fost un oras in stare de razboi. Nu vom incerca sa dam raspunsuri definitive in privinta evenimentelor din acele zile, ci vom prezenta doar o serie de aspecte ciudate.
Pe 16 decembrie este vazut in oras Ion Dinca. Il insoseste comandantul trupelor terestre din China. Era vorba de a se perfecta o tranzactie cu masini de lupta blindate. Evenimentele din Timisoara anuntau schimbari exceptionale. Brasovul era pregatit pentru ceva asemanator. Doua personaje cheie se ocupau de aceste planuri. Primul, generalul Zagoneanu, sef al Inspectoratului judetean al M. Daogaru Gheorghe, in fapt eminenta cenusie a judetului, secretar cu problemele economice, a venit pe 19 noiembrie Cei doi erau numiti de Ceausescu pentru a face in asa fel ca revolta din noiembrie sa nu se mai repete.
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Pe cladirile din jurul tribunei oficiale au fost plasati lunetisti. Alte echipe care filmau cu camere video erau amplasate in balcoane. Echipe USLA erau in alarma de lupta.
O varianta imbunatatita si mult mai ampla a fost gata pe 21 decembrie Pe 18 decembrie la ora 9 dimineata s-a intrunit in sedinta Consilul Apararii. Zagoneanu a prezentat planul de interventie. Acest plan prevedea ca, daca vor fi mai mult de de manifestanti, Securitatea va interveni numai la cooperare cu armata si garzile patriotice. In seara de 18 decembrie planul a fost materializat pina la ultimele amanunte la comandamentul Brigazii de vinatori de munte.
Au participat generalul Florea, sef de stat major, lt. Pe 19 si 20 decembrie acest plan a fost pus pe curat in cinci exemplare pe harta orasului Brasov. Pe 7 februarie aceste planuri i-au parvenit generalului Florea din partea lui Zagoneanu. Urmau sa fie distruse. Pe 21 decembrie echicpele de interventie au ocupat posturile de lupta obligatorii.
Au fost adusi in oras palestinieni. La ora actuala la Procuratura sint retinuti libieni si palestinieni care sint interogati de procurorul militar sef Centiu Ioan, dar trebuie sa mai cautam si altii.
Ce dorea sa spuna generalul Florea? Pe 25 decembrienoaptea, au fost expediati la Bucuresti cetateni straini arabi in doua vagoane speciale. Se vorbeste despre o tabara de antrenament pentru arabi la Dumbravita Birsei. O alta tabara de antrenament pentru arabi se afla intre Fagaras si Brasov, la poalele muntilor. Prin Brasov circula uneori un autobuz pe care erau niste incriptii in limba araba. Implicarea unor indivizi de origine araba in lupte este certa…. In luna iunie, anul trecut , s-a deplasat la Brasov domnul general Nicolae Constantin Spiroiu insotit de cinci ofiteri.
Pe 14 iunie seara, generalul Spiroiu l-a sunat pe Adrian Moruzi interesindu-se ce se intimpla la Brasov. S-a procedat la o deshumare a mortilor din decembrie Totul s-a facut cu participarea Procuraturii care a prelevat gloantele ucigase.
S-au gasit in special gloante de calibrul 5,6 mm care nu sint in dotarea armatei.
Recent la sediul Procuraturii din Brasov s-a produs revolutiiei incendiu devastator. Au ars mai multe documente legate de Revolutie. Incendiul a fost atit de puternic incit s-a calcinat peretii.
Crimele Revoluției. Sângeroasa diversiune a KGB-iștilor din FSN by Grigore Cartianu
Ar fi interesant de aflat ce material inflamabil a putut produce o cartianuu de putere calorica. Among the many art forms that have atrophied during the past 45 years in Romania, is that of dissembling. Stupid lies; the kind that speak of a society in which no one ever dared to question an official pronouncement. We had requested a tour of the complex of tunnels that criele out from beneath the old Communist Party Central Committee building in Bucharest. An army colonel escorted us along perhaps 50 yards of tunnel one level beneath the ground and the pronounced the tour over.
I asked to grkgore shown the second and third levels, videotape of which had already been provided us by some local entrepreneurs. I assured him that I had videotape of one of his own subordinates, who had escorted us on this tour, lifting a toilet that concealed the entrance to a ladder down to the next level of tunnels.
The colonel went off to consult with his man. The week Lenin got the hook. Filtre de aer ultramoderne, caetianu din belsug, ba chiar o mica… fabrica de oxigen, aflata la perfecta stare de functionare.