Dermatomes: A dermatome is an area of skin which is chiefly supplied by a single spinal nerve. There are 8 cervical nerves (C1 denoting an. Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Skin surfaces and Muscles weakness. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games. An adult myotome is defined as ‘a group of muscles innervated by a They are therefore comprised of multiple myotomes. Dermatomes.

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They are clinically useful as they can determine if damage has occurred to the spinal cord, and at which level the damage has occurred. In this article we shall look at the embryonic origins of myotomes, their distribution in the adult and their clinical uses. Skeletal muscle development can be traced to the appearance of somites.

By day 20 the trilaminar disc has formed and the mesoderm has differentiated into different areas.

Dermatomes and Myotomes: Upper & Lower Limb ยป How To Relief

The area directly adjacent to the neural tube is known as the paraxial mesoderm. From day 20 onwards the paraxial mesoderm begins to differentiate further into segments known as somites. Somites are composed of a dorsal and ventral portion.


The ventral portion forms the sclerotomethe precursor of the ribs and vertebral column. The dorsal portion consists of the dermomyotomes. As the embryo continues to develop the myotome proliferates and eventually develops into muscle.

Free Anatomy Flashcards about Dermatomes/Myotomes

Most muscles in the upper and lower limbs receive innervation from more than one spinal nerve root. They are therefore comprised of multiple myotomes. Myotkmes example, the biceps brachii muscle performs flexion at the elbow. It is innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve, which is derived from C5, C6 and C7 nerve roots.

All three of these spinal nerve roots can be said to be detmatomes with elbow flexion. The list below details which movement is most strongly associated with each myotome:.

This can help determine if there is spinal cord damage, and where the damage is located. You need to be a supporter to access this content. The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to ans used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.


Dermatomes and Myotomes | Anatomy

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Jess Speller Last Updated: December 22, Revisions: By which day has the trilaminar disc formed? How many pairs of somites form initially?

Which action is most strongly associated with the C5 myotome? This site uses cookies: