1 Ismail Beşikçi, Tunceli Kanunu () ve Dersim Jenosidi [The law 3 Report from the Consul in Trabzon, 27 September (Public Record Office. The region of Dersim, renamed Tunceli in , stood markedly at odds with the politico- Hamdi Bey, a senior official, in a report of , called the area an. Get this from a library! Dersim: Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı’nın raporu.. [Turkey. Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı.].
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In the s and s, several of Turkey’s radical left movements concentrated their efforts eersim finding grassroots support especially on Dersim, in part because of the geography of the region, in part also because of the reputation of its people for independent-mindedness.
Northern Iraq is ecologically similar to the region they fled from.
A third list that we have been able to use was compiled by a well-connected politician with strong ties to the region. It later also established camps in the mountains of northern Iraq, not far from the Turkish border.
Extermination in had targeted first those whose tribes and families were involved in the resistance. It should be noted, however, that the PKK is not responsible for all the violence attributed to it in the Turkish press. Besides the various official forces listed here, there are several unofficial units whose very existence, or whose relationship with the state, is often denied. The maps show all villages but no mezra with their new names.
Heroic reports that recounted Kurdish exploits, resistance and the foundation of an independent Kurdish government appeared in the Armenian press in The gendarmerie is a fourth wing of the armed forces besides the land, sea and air forces that carries out police functions in the countryside. The rationale for all this destruction was the presence of guerrillas of the PKK Kurdistan Workers’ Partybelieved to be hiding out in the forests of this province.
Several delegations of human rights activists were prevented from entering the province or allowed to go as far as the central town only.
The data compiled here originate from a variety of sources.
Inthe Tunceli Law was passed to apply the Resettlement Law to the newly named region of Tuncelipreviously known as Dersim and populated by Kurmanci-speaking and Zaza-speaking Alevis. A proposed number of 40, victims seems, however, implausibly high McDowall Reports of torture and severe raplru of villagers who refused to become korucu have become common.
Sustained contacts with Kurdo-Armenian organisation Hoybun, founded in Syria inwere not, however, possible. It moreover added to its report that the villagers of Ulukale had, several months earlier, refused to accept arms and become korucu, suggesting that the attack was a reprisal by ‘Kontra’ forces for this refusal.
Like the mezra, the settlements obviously do not have serial numbers. Inthe Turkish military staged another coup and carried out a drastic overhaul of Turkey’s legal and political system.
A book published on the issue by the Human Rights Associations was immediately banned, and charges were brought against the board of the Human Rights Associations for publishing it. We have scanned the Turkish mainstream press but it proved almost rpaoru as a source because of the generally practised self-censorship where events in southeastern Turkey are concerned.
Everywhere these displaced people are subject to police harrassment and pressure to leave; none of the cities is eager to accommodate more unemployed and unemployable people; moreover, the newcomers are routinely suspected of PKK sympathies. Other families sought temporary shelter in the district centres. Broadly acclaimed as a successful modern Turkish nation-state, the Republic rebuilt its international relations in the s and succeeded, in a deal with France and the League of Nations of which it became a member inin incorporating the Syrian region of Alexandretta into its national territory in He seemed to have believed initially raloru Dersim could not be subdued militarily.
Both the security troops and the PKK put pressure on the villagers to support them – and retaliated against those dersi they suspected of having joined the other side.
In this way, numerous internal inconsistencies and double references could be filtered out, and the relationships between apparently isolated events became visible. Whereas the PKK in was estimated to have four to five hundred armed men active inside Turkey’s borders, the estimate for was several tens of thousands, moving relatively freely through the mountains and communicating with their base camps and central command by radio.
The army presence in the Kurdish provinces was stepped up even further, the villages were searched, and tens of thousands arrested and routinely tortured. During the same period, the PKK carried out a number of spectacularly violent actions in other parts of Tunceli, which may have provoked further large-scale military operations. rzporu
White, Primitive rebels or revolutionary modernizers?: The editors of the newspaper clearly had only an approximate. Soldiers confirm that they were ordered to kill women and children.
Dersim Massacre, 1937-1938
Following the coup, this migration sped up as a result of the military pressure on the region, which impeded normal economic life.
One of the effects of the mass deportation in the s was the integration of subsequent generations of Dersimis into the social and political life of Turkey. It appears likely that both reports refer to the same incident. Hamdi Bey, a senior official, in a report ofcalled the area an abscess that needed an urgent surgeon from the Republic Halli In the summer ofthe first significant PKK activities had been reported here, and it appears that the army was determined to prevent it from getting a foothold in this province, even ddersim the cost of destroying it.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Villages were to be disarmed and people removed, but the main violence targeted armed groups.
‘Resmi raporlarda Dersim katliamı: 13 bin kişi öldürüldü’ – Türkiye Haberleri – Radikal
It implemented revolutionary changes from above, such as the abolition of the Caliphate inand the introduction of the Swiss Civil Code in and the Latin alphabet in rapotu The cumulative list of village evacuations now contains the names of well over villages and hamlets evacuated. PKK supporters but finally released. The scale of human and material damage. The following three lists of evacuated or destroyed villages compiled by others are referred to: