Dhu’l-Nun al-Misri ( – ) was an Egyptian Sufi saint. He was considered the Patron Saint of the Physicians in the early Islamic era of Egypt, and is credited . He is Thawban Ibn Ibrahim Abu al-Fayd and was known as Dhul-Nun al-Misri. He was born in Ikhmim in the governorate of Suhag, Upper Egypt which he left for. Hazrat Dhul-Nun al-Misri (RA) was an Egyptian Sufi saint. He was considered the Patron Saint of the Physicians in the early Islamic era of Egypt, and is credited.
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Hazrat Dhul-Nun al-Misri (RA) – Saints of Islam
He was born in Ikhmim in the governorate of Suhag, Upper Egypt which he left for Fustat Cairo seeking knowledge until he became the greatest scholar and ascetic of his misru. Some of his contemporaries accused him of innovating a science of which the Companions did not speak.
They denounced him as a heretic to the Abbasid caliph, al-Mutawakkil, who commanded that he be brought before him from Egypt.
When Dhul-Nun appeared before him and admonished him, al-Mutawakkil wept and ordered that he be taken back to Egypt nuj honor. When I opened my eyes, I saw a blind lark that had fell from its nest onto the ground. Whereupon the earth split open and two vessels, one gold and the other silver, emerged from it.
One contained sesame seeds and the other water. The bird started to eat from one and drink from the other.
Others have maintained that the origin of the word may be traced back to Ahl al-Suffa who were a group of poor Muslims who lined up in mosque-vestibule [for food] at the end of every prayer. There was no other honor above this. The first three generations of Muslims were considered the best.
The term came to designate the elite among ahul ul-sunna orthodox Muslims who cultivated their relationship with Allah and who kept their hearts ever vigilant of Allah after innovations found their way into Islam.
Dhul-Nun al-Misri – Oxford Islamic Studies Online
He intended it for men from the inhabitants of al-Basra who devoted themselves to worship and had no means of living. So he built lodges for them and gave them food and drink, clothing, and the like. The first Sufi lodge to be established in Egypt was known as al-Khanka. He turned an orchard outside Cairo into a waqf charitable endowment the proceeds of which were directed towards the interests of the Sufis and he employed a sheikh to oversee their affairs.
It was reported that when Salah al-Deen was getting ready for war against the Crusaders, he applied austerity measures on all state institutions and himself included. Some of his ministers advised him to reduce the expenditures on the significant number of mystics living in al-Umayyad Mosque and the annexes of the structure.
The arrows of our soldiers may either hit or miss [the target] but the arrows of these people never misses. They both shared the concept of Divine Love. The people saw green birds flying above the bier bearing his corpse until he was buried in his grave and then disappeared.
Consequently, his grave is venerated. Dhul-Nun was the first to discuss the notion of damir consciousness ; none of the latter Sufi scholars mentioned it dhuo name.