ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTMINI. ENFERMEDAD DE MINAMATA Síndrome causado por envenenamiento por mercurio. ENVENENAMIENTO POR MERCURIO PRODUCCIÓN. Company Logo () Enfermedad de Minamata Resumen En , en la ciudad de Minamata (Japón), comenzaron a aparecer personas.

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H4 Escherichia coli O Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minamata disease. On November 4, the research group announced its initial findings: It was caused by the release minamataa methylmercury in the industrial wastewater from the Chisso Corporation ‘s chemical factory, which continued from to The causative agent is methylmercury.

These pollutants had an environmental impact. Researchers from the Kumamoto University Research Group and Hajime Hosokawa who had retired from Chisso in used their experience from Minamata and applied it to the Niigata outbreak.

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Often these patients find themselves tied to their own homes and the mminamata of their family, effectively isolated from the local community. To qualify for compensation under the agreement, patients had to be officially recognised by various ad hoc certification committees according to their symptoms.

Chisso failed to co-operate with the investigation team from Kumamoto University. Victims of Yokkaichi asthma and Itai-itai disease were forming citizens’ groups and filed lawsuits against the polluting companies in September and Marchrespectively.

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Disease victims, fishing families, and company employees were excluded from the debate. In Septembera report was issued proving Showa Denko’s pollution to be the cause fnfermedad this second Minamata disease.

The company replied that it mianmata unable to judge what would be fair compensation and asked the national government to set up a binding arbitration committee to decide.


The conclusion contained many factual errors: It withheld information on its industrial processes, leaving researchers to speculate what products the factory was producing and by what methods.

Researchers from the School of Medicine began visiting Minamata regularly and admitted patients to the university hospital for detailed examinations. The most dramatic testimony came minamsta Hajime Hosokawa, who spoke on 4 July from his hospital bed where he was dying of cancer.

The fact that these children had been born after the initial outbreak and had never been fed contaminated fish also led their mothers to believe they were not victims. The struggle now focused on to what extent the victims should be compensated. That summer, Chisso sent gifts to the families who opted for arbitration rather than litigation. The prominent Japanese documentary filmmaker Noriaki Tsuchimoto made a series of films, starting with Minamata: Botulism Campylobacter jejuni Clostridium perfringens Escherichia coli O The Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectural governments conducted a joint survey in late and early into the level of mercury in the hair of people living around the Shiranui Sea.

This highly toxic chemical bioaccumulated in shellfish and fish in Minamata Bay and the Shiranui Seawhich, when eaten by the local populationresulted in mercury poisoning.

Harvard University Asia Center.

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In this atmosphere, sufferers were reluctant to come forward and seek certification. The verdict handed down on 20 March represented a complete victory for the patients of the litigation group:.

The results shocked the researchers involved.

After several years of study and the autopsies of two children, the doctors announced that these children were suffering from an as yet unrecognised congenital form of Minamata disease.


In fact, their report, Corporate Responsibility for Minamata Disease: After a house-to-house investigation, eight further patients were discovered and hospitalised. Starting Mknamatathe co-catalyst was changed from manganese dioxide to ferric sulfide.

Also, in recognising an applicant as a Minamata disease sufferer, the certification council qualified that efermedad to receive financial compensation from Chisso. Large quantities of mercury were detected in fish, shellfish, and sludge from the bay.

The polluting factory owned by Showa Denko employed a chemical process using a mercury catalyst very similar to that used by Chisso in Minamata.

A second outbreak of Minamata disease occurred in Niigata Prefecture in Money, Politics and PoisonIsland Press, p. History of poison Toxinology. Rather than being a council of medical recognition, the decisions of the council were always affected by the economic and political factors surrounding Minamata and the Chisso corporation.

Nevertheless, the government announcement brought a feeling of relief to a great many victims and their families. As of March2, victims had been officially recognised as having Minamata disease enfermdead, of whom had died [2] and over 10, had received financial compensation from Chisso. This culminated in with the establishment in Minamata of the Citizens’ Council for Minamata Disease Countermeasures, which was to become the chief citizens’ support group to the Minamata patients.