Frailejones – Espeletia pycnophylla and fog, Páramo El Ángel / Thomas van Hengstum, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA Páramo El Ángel in Ecuador is characteristic example of such ecosystems – here thousands of frailejones are rising up to 10 m tall. These ecosystems have. Search for: Search for: Futurity is your source of research news from leading universities. About Futurity · Universities · Science · Health · Culture · Environment. M Espeletia pycnophylla Cuatrec. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Espeletia (family Compositae). The record.
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The climate here is moist — the warmed air mases from the Pacific become cold here and the moisture precipitates on the mountains. For most time of the year these highland meadows are shrouded in fog.
The soil and the air is cold. Strong and chilly winds are very common. The moist climate turns this all into a soaked sponge. In these harsh conditions has developed very special ecosystem.
Species diversity here is much higher than in the temperate moorlands of the world — but much lower than in the nearby tropical rainforests. Plants here have developed specific methods to protect themselves from the frost. One method is — growing in rosettes, thus the wind can not chill the centre of the plant. Many plants have developed very soft, “plumy” leaves and flowers. The old leaves do not fall off — they enclose the stem and allow development of new roots along the stem.
Thus each plant espsletia to keep the temperature of its stem above zero even in strong, chilly winds.
In total in this genus are pycnophyllx 45 — species, all growing in the Andes of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador. These countless frailejones are the only tall plants of these ecosystems — except for occasional and not less exotic Puyas. These stands are formed of single species — Espeletia pycnophylla ssp. Espeletia pycnophylla is the most common frailejone in Ecuador.
This plant has several subspecies. Two of these subspecies grow in Colombia, one — Espeletia pycnophylla ssp. This frailejone has very soft, pubescent leaves.
Espeletia pycnophylla subsp. pycnophylla
It is flowering with numerous yellow flowers. Plant has healing properties. This plant grows only some 2. Some of these plants have not been found anywhere else — such as the bromeliad Puya angelensis E. Puyas are the next exotic looking plants after frailejones. These bromeliads grow up to to 4 m high. Near the park has been found the extremely rare Puya angelensishere grows the amazing Puya clava-herculis with unusual blue flowers, Puya hamata. These plants are beloved by spectacled bear Tremarctos ornatuswhich also is met in these highlands.
In the northern part of the reserve, at 3, m height are located three small lakes, each with a diameter of some m. These lakes contain sulphur and other chemicals emitted by the springs of this volcanic region — this gives a characteristic green espeletoa to the water.
Several simple petroglyphs have been found here depicting pychophylla symbols — such as the Sun, monkey and some more.
They are the only extranjeros outsiders in this homely, chilly town at 10, feet, where every afternoon a spectacular mass of clouds rolls up from the river valley below and envelopes the town.
Sunday, December 30, Home Natural wonders Biological wonders. I n the highlands of tropics in several locations of the world have formed unique montane moors with eerie, tall plants. Unique ecosystem In these harsh conditions has developed very special ecosystem.
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Espeletia pycnophylla – Wikispecies
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