Fascimile of Quesnay’s Tableau On the right side we see a copy of the Tableau Économique of François Quesnay, with its famous “zig-zag” (click for a bigger. François Quesnay’s achievement is one of the most remarkable in the history of economics. He published his first article on an economic problem in when. Quesnay identified three distinct classes: A view of Quesnay’s original Tableau Economique shows a zigzag flow.

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With a monetary circuit, the flows of goods and services cannot be “simultaneous” as in barter.

Let us now go through it in more tablrau, with a numerical example. These reforms were much more sensible than his theorizing about the sterility of industry. This circulation and this reciprocal distribution continues by subdivisions in the same order, down to the last penny of the sums which pass reciprocally from one class of expenditures to the other class of expenditures.

The interest on these advances should amount to at least 10 perfor the products of agriculture are exposed to ruinous accidents, which in ten years destroy the value of at least one year’s crop. The Laborer quessnay to receive of the Farmer’s output. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Having defined our sectors and goods, let us now turn to the Tableau. For simplicity, we exclude the importation of finished goods. Of these categories of advances, types three original and four annual are the most important and the ones which Quesnay analyzed most deeply.

The riches of the productive class of a Nation where the Proprietors of the land have constantly millions of revenue may be evaluated as follows.

He claimed that the only “productive” person is the farmer, the only one that generated a net product. He was well aware, though, that he created an idealized “natural” system and he repeatedly noted that “real” conditions are never as smooth as the example in the Tableau.

Indeed, he had to make his table inconsistent in order to fit his assumption that industry provided no surplus. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The annual advances of livres in sterile expenses are employed for the capital and the expenses of commerce, for the purchase of raw materials for the handicrafts, and for the subsistence and other needs of the artisan until he has finished and sold his product.


So, rent “initiates” the process. This culture may, with 5 or 6 billions of advances, be extended in France to more than 60 million acres. For the sake of simplicity, we have two production processes— grain and crafts—and both of them use previously accumulated stocks of grain as raw materials. Interestingly, though, he did not reach this conclusion by consulting his table.

Retrieved from ” https: The Physiocrats believed that an economy’s power derived from its agricultural sector. Non-wage capital is acquired from his previously-produced stock of grain we will see this happens to be the entire remainder of the stock he didn’t sell during the zig-zag. The Tableau shows the reason why the Physiocrats disagreed with Cantillon about exporting food. In the next sectionwe will consider it in more detail, with a numerical example.

His first work appeared only as encyclopedia articles in and All exchanges between different sectors must be monetized with one exception we shall note later.

The left side of the Tableau franocis the “productive” class farmer and the right side represents frwncois “sterile” class artisan. We also give friendly terms for our goods. In the expenditure of the livres of production, the Proprietor of the francoid buys livres of them. As an attempt to support this position, Quesnay developed his famous Tableau Economiquewhich purportedly showed qusnay the only productive sector was agricultureand that industry was “sterile,” i.

These wages are equal to the livres which this class receives from the productive class, and the advances are equal to the livres of revenue which go to this same sterile class. This simplified form of the Tableau illustrates frqncois zigzag flow of funds. Only the Farmer needs to hire Laborers.

In addition there are the reproduction of 1 billion 50 millions of annual advances, etc and millions of interest on these advances at 10 per A complete numerical example is easy to incorporate: Artisan does not hire laborers, but he deals with foreign merchants who import foreign inputs and export grain abroad. Tableau defined three classes: On this footing a State is rich, and men live comfortably there. And we have a fixed amount of money to carry all the goods through.

Tableau économique

The diagram above is simplified slightly, but not so as to require any modification of Quesnay’s Explanation. The first thing you should notice about our diagram is that it is not a simple “circular flow” diagram. As such, a particular exchange of a dollar for a good must be completed before that dollar can be reused in exchange for another good.


Goods don’t exchange for goods, they must exchange for money. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat Quesnay believed that only the agricultural sector could produce a surplus that could then be used to produce more the next year and, therefore, help growth. Its object was to exhibit by means of certain formulas the way in which the products of agriculture, which is the only source of wealth, would in a state of perfect liberty be distributed among the several classes of the community namely, the productive classes of the proprietors and cultivators of land, and the unproductive class composed of manufacturers and merchantsand to represent by other formulas the modes of distribution which take place under systems of Governmental restraint and regulation, with the evil results arising to the whole society from different degrees of such violations of the natural order.

New York, p. His father worked as a ploughman and merchant. If, on the contrary, an increase of expenditure of the same extent occurred in the consumption or the exportation of raw materials, the reproduction of revenue would rise from livres to livres, wconomique so on. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

Quesnay envisioned this natural economic state as a balanced, circular flow of funds—a system he saw as similar to the flow of blood in the body, achieving an equilibrium which maximizes the net product, and therefore the health of the society, similar to homeostasis in living organisms. economiqhe

Tableau économique – Wikipedia

In he graduated as a doctor of medicine; he economiique physician in ordinary to the king, and afterwards his first consulting physician, and was installed in the Palace of Versailles.

This is the critical advantage of conceiving of the Tableau in terms of a monetary circuit. These expenditures may incline more or less to one side or the other, as the spender goes in more or less for luxury in the way of subsistence or quesnaay, in the form of ornamentation.