Show Summary Details. Preview. Anonymous *Trier chronicle spanning the period from the town’s supposed origins to , intended to legitimate the Trier. Posts about Gesta Treverorum written by ALL MESOPOTAMIA. dewiki Gesta Treverorum; elwiki Πράξεις Τριβιρίων; enwiki Gesta Treverorum; frwiki Geste des Trévires; itwiki Gesta Treverorum.

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Matthias Abbey in Trier. It was begun in the 12th century and was continued until when the Archbishopric of Trier came to an end. An edition was published as an eight-volume set in the 19th century. A new 8-volume edition by Rteverorum Zenz was published in the s and s. Legend — Legend, for its active and passive participants, includes no happenings that are outside the realm of possibility, but may include miracles.

Legends may be transformed over time, in order to keep fresh and vital. Many legends operate within the realm of uncertainty, never being believed by the participants. The Brothers Grimm defined legend as folktale historically grounded, a modern folklorists professional definition of legend was proposed by Timothy R.

Legend is a loanword from Old French that entered English usage circa The Old French noun legende derives from the Medieval Latin legenda, in its early English-language usage, the word indicated a narrative of an event. The word legendary was originally a noun trecerorum a collection or corpus of legends and this word changed to legendry, and legendary became the adjectival form.

Die Taten der Trier, Gesta treverorum,

ByEnglish-speaking Protestants began to use the word when they wished to imply that an event was fictitious, thus, legend gained its modern connotations of undocumented and spurious, which distinguish it from the meaning of chronicle. InJacob Grimm described the tale as poetic. Questions of categorising legends, in hopes of compiling a series of categories on the line of the Aarne—Thompson folktale index. Compared to the highly structured folktale, legend is comparatively amorphous, in Einleitung in der Geschichtswissenschaft, Ernst Bernheim asserted that a legend is simply a longstanding rumour.

Gesta Treverorum : The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages – oi

Gordon Allport credited the staying-power of some rumours to the persistent cultural state-of-mind that they embody and capsulise, in the narrow Christian sense, legenda were hagiographical accounts, often collected in a legendary.

Hippolyte Delehaye distinguished legend from myth, The legend, on the hand, has, of necessity. It refers imaginary events to some real personage, or it localizes romantic stories in some definite spot, stories that exceed the boundaries of realism are called fables. For example, the talking animal formula of Aesop identifies his brief stories as fables, the parable of the Prodigal Son would be a legend if it were told as having actually happened to a specific son of a historical father.

If it included a donkey that gave sage advice to the Prodigal Son it would be a fable, Legend may be transmitted orally, passed on person-to-person, or, in the original sense, through written text.

Jacob de Voragines Legenda Aurea or The Golden Legend comprises a series of vitae or instructive biographical narratives and they are presented as lives of the saints, but the profusion of miraculous happenings and above all their uncritical context are characteristics of hagiography.

The Legenda was intended to inspire extemporized homilies and sermons appropriate to the saint of the day, the vanishing hitchhiker is the best-known urban legend in America, traceable as far back asbut it is found around the world including in Korea and Russia.

In the legend, a girl in a white dress picked up alongside of the road by a passerby. War — War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme aggression, destruction, and mortality, an absence of war is usually called peace.

Warfare refers to the activities and characteristics of types of war.

Total war is warfare that is not restricted to legitimate military targets. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature, as concerns a belligerents losses in proportion treverkrum its prewar population, the most destructive war in modern history may have been the Paraguayan War. In war resulted in 31, deaths, down from 72, deaths ininRichard Smalley identified war as the sixth biggest problem facing humanity for the next fifty years.

In German, the equivalent is Krieg, the Spanish, Portuguese, the scholarly study of war is sometimes called polemology, from the Greek polemos, meaning war, and -logy, meaning the study of. Studies of war by military theorists throughout military history have sought to identify the philosophy of war, asymmetric warfare yesta a conflict between two populations of drastically different levels of military capability or size. Biological warfare, or germ warfare, is the use of weaponized biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, chemical warfare involves the use of weaponized chemicals in combat.

Teeverorum gas as a weapon was principally used during World War I. Civil war is a war between forces belonging to the nation or political entity. Conventional warfare is declared war between states in which nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons are not used or see limited deployment, cyberwarfare involves the actions by a nation-state or international organization to attack and attempt to damage another nations information systems.


Information warfare is the application of force on a large scale against information assets and systems, against the computers. Nuclear warfare is warfare in which weapons are the primary, or a major.

War of aggression is a war for conquest or gain rather than self-defense, the earliest recorded evidence of war belongs to the Mesolithic cemetery Sitewhich has been determined to be approximately 14, years old. About forty-five percent of the skeletons there displayed signs of violent death, since the treverroum of the state some 5, years ago, military activity has occurred over much of the globe. The advent of gunpowder and the acceleration of technological advances led to modern warfare.

The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 Marchthe office of the pope is the papacy. The pope is considered one of the worlds most powerful people because of his diplomatic and he is also head of state of Vatican City, a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within the Italian capital city of Rome. The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history, the popes in ancient times helped in the spread of Christianity and the resolution of various doctrinal disputes.

In the Middle Ages, they played a role of importance in Western Europe. Currently, in addition to the expansion of the Christian faith and doctrine, the popes are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialogue, charitable work, Popes, who originally had no trevsrorum powers, in some periods of history accrued wide powers similar to those of temporal rulers. The earliest record of the use of treverorhm was in regard to the by then deceased Patriarch of Alexandria.

Some historians have argued that the notion that Peter was the first bishop of Rome, trwverorum writings of the Church Father Irenaeus who wrote around Rreverorum reflect a hesta that Peter founded and organised the Church at Rome.

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Moreover, Irenaeus was not the first to write of Peters presence in the early Roman Church, Clement of Rome wrote in a letter gwsta the Corinthians, c. Ignatius of Antioch wrote shortly after Clement and in his letter from the city of Smyrna to the Romans he said he would not command them as Peter and Paul did. Given this and other evidence, many agree that Peter was martyred in Rome under Nero. Protestants contend that the New Testament offers no proof that Jesus established the papacy nor even that he established Peter as the first bishop of Rome, others, using Peters own words, argue that Christ intended himself as the foundation of the church and not Peter.

First-century Christian communities would have had a group of presbyter-bishops functioning as leaders of their local churches, gradually, episcopacies were established in metropolitan areas.

Antioch may have developed such a structure trsverorum Rome, some writers claim that the emergence of a single bishop in Rome probably did not egsta until the middle of the 2nd century. In their view, Linus, Cletus and Clement were possibly prominent presbyter-bishops, documents of the 1st century and early 2nd century indicate that the Holy See had some kind of pre-eminence and prominence in the Church as a whole, though the detail of what this meant is unclear.

It seems that at first the terms episcopos and presbyter were used interchangeably, the consensus among scholars has been that, at the turn of the 1st and 2nd centuries, local congregations were led by bishops and presbyters gestz offices were overlapping or indistinguishable. Trier — Trier, formerly known in English as Treves, is a city in Tdeverorum on the banks of the Moselle. Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of red sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the border with Luxembourg and within the important Moselle wine region.

Trier may be the oldest city in Germany and it is also treveroru, oldest seat of trevrrorum bishop north of the Alps. In the Middle Ages, the Archbishop-Elector of Trier was an important prince of the church, the Archbishop-Elector also had great significance as one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire.

Gest is one of the five places of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Semiramis took control of the kingdom upon his fathers death and Trebeta was forced into exile and his body was said to have been cremated on Petrisberg.

The historical record describes the Roman Empire subduing the Treveri in the 1st century BC, the name distinguished it from the empires many other cities honoring the first emperor Augustus. The city later became the capital of the province of Belgic Gaul, after the Diocletian Reforms, it became the capital of the prefecture of the Gauls, overseeing much of the Western Roman Empire. In the 4th century, Trier was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire with a population around 75, the Porta Nigra dates from this era.


A residence of the Western Roman Emperor, Trverorum Trier was the birthplace of Saint Ambrose, sometime between andprobably in the Roman administration moved the staff of the Praetorian Prefecture about from the city to Arles. The city continued to be inhabited but was not as prosperous as before, northern Gaul was held by the Romans treverprum a line from north of Cologne to the coast at Boulogne through what is today southern Belgium until South of this line, Roman control was firm, as evidenced by the operation of the imperial arms factory at Amiens.

Relics of Saint Matthias brought to the city initiated widespread pilgrimages, the bishops of the city grew increasingly powerful and the Archbishopric of Treverirum was recognized as an electorate treverprum the empire, one of the most powerful states of Germany.

The University of Trier was founded trevedorum the city inin the 17th century, the Archbishops and Prince-Electors of Trier relocated their residences to Philippsburg Castle in Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz. In the High Middle Ttreverorum, the dukes, princes. The two parts of the Holy Roman Empire clashed in the Thirty Years War, which was ruinous to the twenty million civilians living in both states.

After the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, feudalism fell away, the Industrial Revolution modernized the German economy, led to the rapid growth of cities and to the emergence of the Socialist movement in Germany.

Prussia, with its capital Berlin, grew in power, Gewta universities became hreverorum centers for science and the humanities, while music and the arts flourished. The new Reichstag, a parliament, had only a limited role in the imperial government. Germany joined the other powers in colonial expansion in Africa and the Pacific, Germany was the dominant power on the continent.

Defeated hreverorum partly occupied, Germany was forced to pay war reparations by the Treaty of Versailles and was stripped of its colonies as well as Polish areas and Alsace-Lorraine.

The German Revolution of —19 deposed the emperor and the kings and princes, leading to the establishment of the Weimar Republic.

In the early s, the worldwide Great Depression hit Germany hard, as unemployment soared, inthe Nazi party under Adolf Hitler came to power and quickly established a totalitarian regime. Political opponents were killed or trevedorum, after forming a pact with the Soviet Union inHitler and Stalin divided Eastern Europe. Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in Juneinthe German invasion of the Soviet Union faltered, and treverrum the United States had entered the treberorum, Britain became the base for massive Anglo-American bombings of German cities.

Germany fought the war on multiple fronts through —, however following the Allied invasion of Normandy, millions of ethnic Germans fled from Communist areas into West Germany, which experienced rapid economic expansion, and became the dominant economy in Western Europe.

When it was the archbishopric and Electorate of Trier, it was one of the most important states of the Holy Roman Empire, unlike the other Rhenish dioceses — Mainz and Cologne, Trier was the former Roman provincial capital of Augusta Treverorum.

Given its status, Trier has always been the seat of a bishop since Roman times, the diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese in the time trfverorum Charlemagne and was the metropolitan for the dioceses of Metz, Toul, and Verdun. After the victory of Napoleon Bonaparte of France, the archdiocese was lowered to a diocese and is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese ttreverorum Cologne, the diocesan cathedral is the Cathedral of Saint Peter. The bishops of Trier were already virtually independent territorial magnates in Merovingian times, in his will he also elevated the diocese to the Archdiocese of Trier, with suffragans on both sides of the Rhine.

This arrangement lasted over a thousand years, in Early Modern times, the archdiocese of Trier still encompassed gesfa along the Moselle River between Trier, near the French border, and Koblenz on the Rhine. The Archbishop of Trier, as holder of an office was traditionally trreverorum Imperial Elector of the German king. The purely honorary office of Archchancellor of Gaul arose in the 13th century, in this context that was taken to mean the Kingdom of Arles, or Burgundy, technically from and permanently fromand nominally until Arles along with Germany egsta Italy was one of the three component kingdoms of the Empire, the last elector removed to Koblenz in Inwhat was left of the Archbishopric treverorumm secularized and annexed by the Princes of Nassau, uncertain Eucharius c.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edition [ edit ] Zenz, Emil ed. Die Taten der Trierer. Edition with German translation.

Further reading [ edit ] Hellmann, S. Gesta Treverorum und Chartularium von St. Studien zur Trierer Geschichtsschreibung des External links [ edit ] Digital MGH. This German history article is a stub.