Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Methylene chloride and methanolic stem bark and root extracts showed moderate activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro.

Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9 4 Pages – Agroforestry extension manual for northern Zambia. The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which hymenocxrdia associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities.

Hymenocardis of the Missouri Botanical Garden 81 2: In southern Africa steam inhalations from the root powder are considered cleansing for the stomach. Root ash is also applied to treat toothache. Leaf powder is taken as snuff to treat headache; the vapour of the boiling leaves is inhaled to treat headache.

A root decoction or a leaf infusion is drunk against threatened abortion, as an aphrodisiac and to treat severe stomach-ache. Hymenocardia acida young fruit obtained from P. Hymenocardia acida young tree habit. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products. Derivation of specific name: Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases.


In Sierra Leone the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat ophthalmia.

West African Plants

BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands. In vitro antitrypanosomal activity of ethnopharmacologically selected Beninese plants. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Closer examination accida shown that most similarities are superficial and possibly the result of convergence. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts.

Volume 2, Families E—I.

Hymenocardia acida — Wikipédia

The powdered bark with copper dust is sprinkled on syphilitic sores. Trees of southern Africa.

Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. The twigs are used as toothbrush.

A dichloromethane extract of the leafy twigs showed significant antitrypanosomal activity; different root and leaf extracts only showed moderate activity. The stem bark and roots of Hymenocardia acida can be harvested whenever the need arises. Two varieties are distinguished in Hymenocardia acida: Hymenocardia acida is an important medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa, and the effectiveness of many traditional uses has been confirmed by preliminary pharmacological research.

A fresh root decoction is also taken to treat haemorrhoids. The young fruits are eaten by children, although they are rather sour. Male inflorescence a dense axillary spike up to 7 cm long, solitary or fascicled; female inflorescence a terminal few-flowered raceme up to 3 cm long, usually several together, or flowers solitary.


Preliminary studies of the chemistry of Hymenocardia acida showed the presence of saponins.

Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. Red data list status: International Journal of Pharmacognosy Evaluation of the anti-ulcer activity of aqueous stem-bark extract of Hymenocardia acida family – Euphorbiaceae. Shrub or small tree. The hymenocarfia requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources.

Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 2: There are 1 Wikipedia citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Hymenocardix comprises 6 species, 5 of which occur in continental Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. In an in-vitro test of plants from DR Congo, water extracts, and to a lesser extent ethanol extracts, of the leaves showed significant effect against hymenoczrdia cell formation.

Phylogenetic relationships of Didymocistus and Hymenocardia Euphorbiaceae. The fruits are dewinged and soaked in cold water for 48 hours before sowing.

Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.