A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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For Iser, meaning is not an object to be found within a text, but is an event of construction that occurs somewhere between the text and the reader. But the critic, says Iser, is hardly infallible; he is another reader who will bring his own background and dispositions into play when judging the meaning or value of a literary work.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

The main reason, according to Iser, is that consistency is essential to the very act of comprehension. But that when reader reacts upon that text, he reader steps in the role of a transmitter and the text becomes the readee.

In contrast to a modified reading which exists within an individual reader, interaction with WORP has the potential to produce a still recognizable modified text.

A Theory of Aesthetic Response.

Robbe-Grillet’s Topologie d’une cite fantome Vicki Mistacco pp. In other words, that objective governs the interaction between two individuals.


Wolfgang Iser

For Iser, a literary work is composed of both written and unwritten portions of a text. We interact with others. Together with Hans Robert Jausshe is considered to be the founder of the Constance School of reception aesthetics. The first is that reading is a temporal activity, and one that is not linear.

When we read expository texts of science or philosophy, for examplewe look for our expectations to be confirmed. Contact Contact Us Help. This does not mean that any reading will be appropriate. Experience is man’s invisibility to man. For Iser, literary texts require readers knteraction actualize them and the fulfillment of the potential reading of a text which is actualized represents a kind of conversation between the text and the reader: He makes it clear that the interaction between text and reader does not resemble exactly the interaction between person and person.

He has to observe certain invisible boundary lines prepared by the author and accordingly the process of ideation takes place.

Moreover, the code of an ideal reader would be identical to that of the author, thereby making reading superfluous AR, 28 — The present critical essay of wolfgang iser is an attempt to explain the nature of interaction and relationship between a literary text and a reader. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. Here he explains the actual process of interaction text and reader.

The documented response of real readers has often been thought to mirror the cultural norms or codes of a given era. In the latter case, literature would have nothing, or at least nothing valuable, to communicate AR, In some ways, Lindsey’s comment represents the kinds of recursive interpretations that Iser suggests all readers create as they read.


Wolfgang Iser – Wikipedia

A The interaction between person and person is generally face to face which is not possible in case of an interaction between text and reader because as such reqder is animate while the other is inanimate and yet interaction takes place. Iser calls that invisibility of experience “No-thing”. Iser sees this intersubjective model of reading as an advance over objectivist theories which presume that a text itself contains a single hidden meaning or set of meanings that can be discovered by the critic.

The meaning of the text is generated by the convergence of these perspectives, a convergence that is not itself set out in words but occurs during the reading process.

Reading as a Personal Transaction Norman N. As a reader begins the reading process, the sentences that make up a work not only inform the reader of the literary movement, but produce certain expectations within the mind of the reader.

Iser evaluates newer models of the reader that have arisen in more recent years, models that have sought to break free of the traditional restrictive models cited above: Wolfgang Iser, The Implied Reader: The former refers to an actual reader whose response is documented, whereas the hypothetical reader is a projection of all possible realizations of the text AR, Essays on Audience and Interpretation.

Those revelations control and correct the reader’s process of ideation. They activate the reader for the process of ideation. Here he follows Hans Blumenbergand attempts to apply his theory of modernity to Shakespeare.