Como producto de siglos de investigación y experimentación, lograron conocer señalan que tiene un alto potencial para el tratamiento de la diabetes tipo 2. .. Un chiquitito tomas, el azúcar quemado, la cocona y el agua tibia Mire a don . O MANÁ CUBIU, também conhecido como CUBIU, TOPIRO, COCONA, Contribui no combate a Diabetes A Niacina é uma vitamina do complexo b é de dicha universidad como es, formar y ser líderes de la investigación científica aplicada. de someterse al tratamiento con el fruto de la planta: Solanum sessiliflorum. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. Cocona to Mango. . J. O. W. R. Instituto de Investigaciones de Cítricos y Otros Frutales. The stems and ﬂowers of Hylocereus species have been used for medicinal purposes to treat diabetes. temperatura interna en frutos de zapote (Pouteria sapota) sometidos a tratamiento hidrotérmico.
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Home Documents Tropical Fruit. Post on Feb 75 views. Jeff Atherton, Professor of Tropical Horticulture,University of the West Indies, BarbadosThis series examines economically important horticultural crops selected from the major production systems in temperate, subtropical and tropical climatic areas.
Systems represented range from open eld and plantation sites to protected plastic and glass houses, growing rooms and laboratories. Emphasis is placed on the scienti c principles underlying crop production practices rather than on providing empirical recipes for uncritical acceptance. Scienti c understanding provides the key to both reasoned choice of practice and the solution of future problems.
Students and staff at universities and colleges throughout the world involved in courses in horticulture, as well as in agriculture, plant science, food science and applied biology at degree, diploma or certi cate level will welcome this series as a succinct and readable source of information.
The books will also be invaluable to progressive growers, advisers and end-product users requiring an authoritative, but brief, scienti c introduction to particular crops or systems.
Keen gardeners wishing to understand the scienti c basis of recommended practices will also nd the series very useful. The authors are all internationally renowned experts with extensive experience of their subjects. Each volume follows a common format covering all aspects of production, from background physiology and breeding, to propagation and planting, through husbandry and crop protection, to harvesting, handling and storage.
Selective references are included to direct the reader to further information on speci c topics. Ornamental Bulbs, Corms and Tubers A. Onions and Other Vegetable Alliums J.
Ornamental Bedding Plants A. Bananas and Plantains J. Coffee, Cocoa and Tea K. Lettuce, Endive and Chicory E. Carrots and Related Vegetable Umbelliferae V. Vegetable and Spice Capsicums P.
Vegetable Brassicas and Related Crucifers G. Tropical Root and Tuber Crops: Bananas and Plantains, 2nd Edition J. Tropical Fruits, 2nd Edition Volume 1 R. Vegetable and Spice Capsicums, 2nd Edition P. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronically, mechanically, byphotocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owners.
Paull and Odilo Duarte. Crop production science in horticulture ; Sarah Hulbert Editorial assistant: Many other tropical fruit, already well-known in the tropics, are now appearing in larger temperate city markets.
In this volume, we have selected those that are being increasingly seen in overseas markets outside of the tropics.
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The choice of crops to present in Volume II was the greatest challenge, especially in the last three chapters dealing with other Asian and Paci c, African and American Fruits.
The fruit crops covered in these last three chapters is the tip of what is available and that have considerable potential as fruit crops. A number of the chapter fruit sections show the signi investiaciones gaps in our knowledge of managing these fruit crops in large orchards and not backyard production.
A major gap is lack of breeding eff ort to develop varieties investigacioes for intensive production that have disease and insect resistance, high yield and desired fruit quality that suit diff erent growing environments and consumer markets. We have followed the same trstamiento layout coconz in the rst edition and Volume I of this edition. The information in each fruit chapter deals with taxonomy, varieties, propagation and orchard management, dlabetes and abiotic problems, variety development and postharvest trztamiento.
The information contained should be of use to diabeets readers and students interested in an introductory text on tropical fruit production. Many have contributed to the endeavour. Encouragement and help of Henry in this passion came from many and acknowledged in the First and Second Editions. Numerous comments and suggestions from colleagues have been incorporated. All errors and omissions are our responsibility. The family of Dr. Jorge Leon granted us permission to tratzmiento the trqtamiento from Botnica de los Cultivos Tropicales.
Mike Nagao the use of the Pulasan picture. Meg Coates Palgrave kindly agreed to let us use the Marula drawing from Trees of Central Africa though we are unable to render it in colour.
The editor of Flore Analytique du Bnin let us use the ackee drawing. We would greatly appreciate receiving all comments and suggestions on this text.
We can be reached at the address in the tartamiento of the text or via E-mail at paull hawaii. In closing, we both acknowledge the continued support, assistance, and love of our wives Nancy and Carla, and our children that enabled us to complete this undertaking.
This page intentionally left blank Paull and Duarte The family consists of about 75 genera that are now widely distributed.
Some Annona species are grown as ornamentals, while others are known for their edible fruit and perfume. Invetigaciones genera and speciesThe soursop belongs to the most important genus Annona, which among its more than species has seven species and one hybrid that are grown commercially worldwide.
Soursop is the most tropical of these species and has the largest fruit. Rollinia or biriba belongs to the closely related genus Rollinia and it is not as well known as soursop. The two most important commercial species are cherimoya and sweetsop. Along with the hybrid, atemoya, all three are diavetes in Chapter 6 of Volume 1.
It is also known as catoche Venezuelazapote agrio, zapote de viejas or cabeza de negro Mexicoguayabano Philippinesnangka belanda zuurzak or sisrsak Indonesiathurian-khaak Thailandsitaphal Indiafruta de conde, graviola, jaca do Par Brazilnona sri kaya or durian belanda Malaysia and corossol epineux France.
The synonyms for Rollinia mucosa Jacq. Other names are birib, fruta da condessa or berib Brazil Manica,anona babosa or zambo Mexicoann Peruchirimoya Ecuador12 Chapter 1mulato Colombiacachiman cochon or cachiman montagne Guadalupeann cimarrn Puerto Ricoanonillo Panama and candongo Dominican Republic. Area of origin and distributionSoursop is the most tropical of and produces the largest fruit unvestigaciones the Annona species. The Caribbean is the area of origin, although soursop was distributed very early diabeetes the warm lowlands of eastern and western Africa and to south-east China.
It is commonly found on subsistence farms in south-east Asia, and was established very early in the Paci c islands. Soursop is considered well suited to processing and for use in local markets for fresh consumption. Large orchards are seen in this region, with a total of more than ha being grown.
Venezuela has around ha, Brazil more than ha and Peru almost ha. Colombia and Ecuador have also developed some modern orchards in the last few years for the local fruit markets and for industrial use. Exports of fresh fruit are very low. Rollinia originated in the forests of the Brazilian Amazon in the states of Acre, Rondnia and the Antilles.
It has been spread throughout Brazil and other South American countries, as well as Florida Manica, ; Donadio et al. This species, apparently cultivated since pre-Columbian times, is not widely cultivated for commercial purposes; rather, it occurs in backyard orchards or small plantings.
Nevertheless, higher yields occur on infestigaciones well-drained sandy to sandy investigaaciones soils. Drainage is essential to avoid root rot. Soursop can withstand some drought, but will experience ower abscission.
The ideal soil pH is Rollinia also prefers well-drained deep soils with a good content of organic matter but it can investigaviones in poor acid soils high in exchangeable aluminum. The tree can withstand periodic ooding Sousa, Soursop and Rollinia 3ClimateRainfallRainfall and high humidity during the peak owering season greatly enhance fruit production by preventing desiccation of stigmas, prolonging their receptive period, and increasing fruit set and early fruit growth.
Under very rainy conditions, as occurs in occona of Costa Rica, soursop has many leaf and fruit disease problems and is not normally grown commercially. In Colombia, soursop will grow successfully under rainfall conditions that can consist of diabwtes rainy seasons a year or just one. The alternating rainy and dry seasons have a positive eff ect on ower initiation. In addition, dry periods favor some leaf fall that results in new vegetative growth.
Well-distributed yearly precipitation of mm results in adequate production, depending on its distribution. Rollinia grows in hot, humid climates where a short dry dek can occur, but in many cases monthly rainfall can be as high as mm during the rainy season.
It probably tolerates heavy rainfall eel better than the other fruit-producing species of this family.
It needs at least mm of rainfall, and in many areas in the Amazon valley it will grow with more than mm Donadio et al. TemperatureTemperature is a major limiting factor to production, with frost killing young trees while older trees show some tolerance.
Soursop is the least tolerant of the Annona species C investiggaciones minimum. Soursop grows best under average temperatures of C. It can be grown at elevations of up to m in the tropics and subtropics, as long as winter temperatures do not drop below 15C. The temperature range for Rollinia is 12C higher than for soursop, and diabeets prefers the hot, humid tropics.
The soursop plant also tends to have a conic upright form.
Pruning practices and spacing need to be adjusted to ensure light penetration. No photoperiod responses have been reported for any Annona species.
Wind may also be ve responsible for the penetration of collar-rot organisms. It grows to heights of 4. Glossy, dark-green leaves are alternate, simple and entire, with an obovate to elliptic shape, and are The leaves emit a strong odour when crushed.