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Catalog Record: La civilización maya | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Oxford and New York: Some sources erroneously note his birthplace as Massachusetts, in apparent confusion with that of his cousin, also named Sylvanus Griswold Morley. They selected an area within what appeared to be the central plaza of the site, where the capitals of some columns lay exposed.

In addition to his scholarly work, Morley thought it important to share his enthusiasm for the ancient Maya with the public. His directorship over all of the Institute’s activities in the Maya region soon ran into difficulty. He was buried in a plot in Santa Fe’s Fairview Cemetery; his second wife Frances Rhoads Morley was interred in the same plot upon her death in Alden Mason ; see Pattersonp. This complex now called the “Complex of a Thousand Columns”, although the columns number fewer than one thousandun-Maya-like in both execution and arrangement, added confirmation to earlier speculations that Chichen Itza was something of an enigma.

In his role as director of various projects sponsored by the Carnegie Institution, he oversaw and encouraged many others who later established notable careers in their own right.

Morley maintained that ancient Maya society was essentially a united theocracyand one which was almost exclusively devoted to astronomical observations and mystically noting even “worshipping” the passage of time.

Inthe overall directorship of the programme was passed to A. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Over the years, he was to act almost as their representative in several matters, although he was equally careful not to upset the Mexican and U. Archaeological Institute of America. His epigraphic work, which was his personal abiding interest “bringing home the epigraphic bacon” was a favorite quote of his[45] is likewise generally outdated, although it was widely supported for several decades after his death.

As his later work proved, Morley was also a genuine scholar and archaeologist with an abiding interest in the region.

Sylvanus Morley – Wikipedia

Kelley would further expand upon this phonetic line of enquiry, which ran counter to the accepted view but would prove to be ever more fruitful as their work continued. However, his research civilizaxion in this period seem to have played a largely secondary role to his espionage duties.


civi,izacion This Morley is perhaps best known to students of American culture for his early interest in old covered bridges as historical structures.

In general, Morley held that the ancient Maya had been the pre-eminent civilization of Mesoamerica, from which other cultures had drawn their influences. Thompson and Tatiana Proskouriakoff. The name chich’en itza in modern Yukatek orthography means roughly “mouth of the well of the Itza “, the “well” being the nearby Sacred Cenote water-filled sinkhole and “Itza” being the name of the people who were reputed to be its former inhabitants.

Putnam and the young Alfred Tozzera recently appointed professor at Harvard’s Anthropology department. When Morley and his team returned in to commence their excavations, Chichen Itza was a sprawling complex of several large ruined buildings and many smaller ones, most of which syovanus concealed under mounds of earth and vegetation.

His talent was not so much to make innovations, but rather to publicise and explain the workings of the various systems. Over the next three centuries after the Conquest, the site remained relatively undisturbed until the arrival of Stephens and Catherwood, although several plantations were established nearby. The convincing evidence which was to overturn this view became known only after Morley’s death, starting with Yuri Knorozov ‘s work in the s.

In support of his view, Morley devised a 4-tier classification system of relative importance, which he ascribed to all of the then-known main Maya sites about ; many more sites are now known, and his classification system is now seen as an arbitrary one, contradicted in places by the sites’ texts which can now be substantially read. Later evidence suggested that the actual year of this invasion wasand identified its leader with a legendary Toltec ruler called Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl after the Mesoamerican deity Quetzalcoatl K’ulk’ulkan in Yucatec.

In full, Morley writes that even though it might be anticipated that more phonetic elements would come to be identified, ” In his autobiography, the Spanish professor noted the effect of this name change and subsequent confusion:. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It was Morley’s view, and one that found wide support, that these undeciphered portions would contain only more of the same astronomical, calendric and perhaps religious information, not actual historical morlye.

The Maya and their Neighbors. On his return trip to the US he moorley with him artifacts taken from the cenote, to be deposited at Harvard’s Peabody Museum.


His publications are now generally superseded, except for his calendrical compilations. Thompson and Morley were to remain close and like-minded colleagues in spite of this move. Anthropologist and Mayanist scholar archaeologyepigraphy.

The site’s reconstruction by Carnegie has proved to be a lasting one, and the site today is among the most visited of pre-Columbian ruins in all of Central America and Mexico, with in excess of a million visitors per year. Santa Fe, New Sylvwnus. He had particular talents in communicating his fascination for the subject to a wider audience, and in his lifetime became quite widely known as perhaps the quintessential model of an early 20th-century Central American scholar and explorer, complete with his ever-present pith helmet.

Coeand David H. Because of cost and schedule overruns as well as criticisms of the quality of some of the research produced, the Carnegie board began to believe that managing multiple projects was not Morley’s forte. During mrley —26 season, Thompson became well-acquainted with Morley, the two of them along with their wives the newly married Thompson was in mmorley on his honeymoon making several side-trips together.

Together with Morley, he was most responsible for promulgating the view of the ancient Maya as peaceable astronomers, obsessed with time and calendric observations.

See also the Maya script article. Morley’s The Ancient Maya was later detected to be a primary source used in several attempted forgeries of Mesoamerican conquest-era manuscripts, such as those known as Historias de la Conquista del Mayabthe ” Canek Manuscript “, and several others.

However, at the end of the season, Thompson left Carnegie’s employ to take up a post offered by Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History. Look in a Who’s Who in America and you will learn the facts.

An Introduction to the Study of the Maya Hieroglyphs. Morley also conducted espionage in Mexico on behalf of the United States during World War I, but the scope of those activities only came to light well after his death.

In they discovered an older structure underneath this latter, which they called the “Temple of the Chacmool” after a further example found of this distinctive statuary. Morley, was at the time vice-president and professor of chemistry, mathematics and tactics at Pennsylvania Military College PMC.